How to write a Curriculum Vitae CV

Your Curriculum Vitae (CV) sometimes called a Résumé, is the document you need to show employers or colleges that includes your details and contact information, your education background, your employment history, your skills, and reference information. See an example of a CV here.

It is useful for getting a job, as well as providing information that can help an education consultant get you an offer to study at college.

Your CV must be accurate

When you submit your CV, it is essential that the formatting looks attractive and that the information contains no errors.

If your document does include errors in formatting, spacing or spelling, it may show that you are not able to write accurately or with attention to detail. This will often reduce your chances of getting a job, even as a part-time or casual employee.

Repeating. Your CV must be 100% accurate. Therefore, it is recommended that you take extra time to review the document. You might also use an app like Grammarly to check for errors or ask a friend from an English-speaking background to help you.

What should your CV include?

Your CV is a very important part of getting a job. It should include the following parts:

1. Personal Information

Here you should write the following:

  • Name
  • Address
  • Email
  • Phone number
  • Visa status
  • Working rights ( Student visa allows 20 hours of work per week)


2. Summary

For a professional CV, the summary should be 2-3 sentences that show how you match the criteria that the company is looking for. You do not need to include a summary for a part-time or casual job.


3. Career Objective

The career objective should be 2-3 sentences that give the employer an impression of what you hope to achieve in the future, and how you can align your goals with the job you are applying for. Again, you do not need to include a summary for a part-time or casual job.


4. Education History

You should start with your most recent major qualification first. If you are currently studying, you should include your course information and the date that you expect to graduate. It may be a good idea to write about the units you are studying, as this will give the employer an idea of the knowledge you have.


5. Employment History

If you have experience of working, you should include it in the employment history section. Each job should be listed with the most recent job at the top. You can include information about the duties you performed in each job.


6. Skills

These are skills that you have gained through your work experience, volunteer experience or employment experience. Be sure to include IT skills if you know about software that may be useful for the job you are applying for.


7. Professional Memberships

If you are a member of a professional organization, such as CPA, be sure to include that information in the Professional Memberships section. If you are applying for a part-time job you won’t need this section.


8. Languages

If you speak multiple languages, you should mention this here. Many employers will regard this as a positive, because it means you have different ways of looking at the world and have a global perspective.


9. Hobbies/Interests (optional)

As an optional extra, you may want to include 2-3 to give some indication of your personality. Keep in mind, the interests should be mature, such as reading or current affairs (not playing computer games or sleeping).


10. References

In this section, you can simply state ‘References available upon request’. Otherwise, you can you include the details of people who will be able to say nice things about you when they are called by the employer. If you want to include the information, you should write the referee job position, email and phone number.


Some final words of advice

It is common for people in western countries to be working from the age of 14. Therefore, if you have not had a job, you may be competing for the position with people who have been employed for many years and who have developed a range of skills. These other people may have more experience and can handle the interview better and have a stronger skill set when it comes to being prepared for the job.

Finally, if you are planning to apply for a job, it is essential that you contact your references in advance to let them know what job you have applied for and that they can expect a call.